Risky facilities: Analysis of crime concentration in high-rise buildings

Author or co-authors: Sacha Reid, Michael Townsley, Danielle Reynald, John Rynne

Funders: Criminology Research Council

Keywords: Building management, Law, Planning, Policy,

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This is the trends and issues paper derived from the larger project on Crime in High Rise Buildings project. The research investigated crime hotspots within the Surfers Paradise, Australia suburb which is dominated by high density and a mix of holiday and residential tenure types. By analysing actual rates and types of crime, guardianship levels, building management styles and perceptions of fear of crime, the research reveals how planning policies and high-rise building management styles can coalesce to create safer vertical communities.

Examining developer actions that embed protracted conflict and dysfunctionality in staged multi-owned residential schemes

Author or co-authors: Nicole Johnston, Sacha Reid, Chris Guilding

Published: Proceedings of the Pacific Rim Real Estate Society 2012 annual conference

Keywords: Developer control, Developer handover, Governance, Qualitative research/interviews,

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Anecdotal evidence suggests that if inappropriate decisions are made by developers in the initial establishment phase of multi-owned residential schemes, conflict and long-term dysfunctionalism for the eventual owners result. This paper maps out practises commonly utilised by developers in establishing staged, multi-owned residential developments and the consequences that these practises can have on a scheme in the short and long-term. Findings stemming from twelve semi-structured interviews conducted with key strata and community title industry experts from around Australia.

Multi-owned developments : a life cycle review of a developing research area

Author or co-authors: Nicole Johnston, Sacha Reid

Published: Property Management, Vol. 31 Issue: 5


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The purpose of this paper is to highlight the international significance of multi-owned developments, present an MOD life cycle conceptual model and review the range of identified peer-reviewed empirical research papers. The paper utilises an exploratory qualitative methodology to collate and analyse literature focusing on MODs. From the 403 research papers identified 96 peer-reviewed empirical research papers specific to MODs were examined. A MOD life cycle model has been conceptualised to facilitate a content analysis of the reviewed papers. The findings of this paper highlights the gaps

Multi-owned properties in Australia: a governance typology of issues and outcomes

Author or co-authors: Nicole Johnston, Eric Too

Published: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, Vol. 8 Issue: 4

Keywords: Conflicts of interest, Disputes/conflict, Financial management, Governance, Law,

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The purpose of this study is to develop a governance typology which identifies governance issues and outcomes. The study reviewed the legislation in three Australian states to identify specific governance categories and the legislative requirements related to those categories. To gain group opinion about the specific governance issues and outcomes, the Delphi method was utilised whereby industry experts participated in a two-round survey questionnaire. A typology was developed as a result of consensus found between participants. The findings identified key governance issues and outcomes.

An Examination of How Conflicts of Interest Detract from Developers Upholding Governance Responsibilities in the Transition Phase of Multi-Owned Developments: A Grounded Theory Approach

Author or co-authors: Nicole Johnston

Funders: The Australian College of Community Association Lawyers (ACCAL) provided a doctoral scholarship

Keywords: Conflicts of interest, Developer control, Development, Governance, Law, Qualitative research/interviews,

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The multi-owned development (MOD) is a unique property type consisting of at least two individually owned lots tied to communally owned common property with a separate registered entity (the body corporate) created to govern and manage the property. While the body corporate is the ultimate governing entity and the orchestra of operations for much of a MOD’s life, there is a period of time when a MOD’s developer makes governing decisions. This study is therefore exploratory in nature, as it seeks to uncover the nature of governance decisions made by developers during the transition phase.